Every industry has its own, unique vocabulary.  Just take the computer or internet to see how much our work, our industry drives the words we use.  Doctors, lawyers and Indian chiefs all have their unique ways of putting concepts together and then developing new words to describe them.  For those on the outside, we can become easily lost, confused when exposed to these new words.  We may understand the words when taken separately, but together it can become confusing.  Take the come term, clear coat.  I understand “clear” and “coat” but together what is a clear coat.  So, to understand our work, here are common words and phrases we throw around as if they were a roti canai.  Hold on.

Clear Coat…the final layer of clear lacquer on top of car paint.  This thin layer of clear paint gives the car a nice, lusty shine, but it is easily scratch.

Primer...the layer of paint put directly on the metal of the car.  It is the first layer before the colour of the car paint is applied.  If you have a deep scratch, you will see this different colour from your car colour.

Silica…the main ingredient in car coating or glass coating.  It needs to be inorganic with a concentration level of over 95%. If organic or less pure than 95%, it will not last so long.  At Sierraglow, our SG5 is 97% and completely inorganic.

Blue Flame…newest technology of spraying supercharged silica on the car clear coat.  See Blue Flame Treatment Post.

Clay Bar..a unique way to clear microscopic impurities that collect on and in car paint.  The clay bar (if done correctly) can gently lift these impurities out of the paint.  Makes car paint smooth and shiny.

Water Sheeting…is the gloss, fast run off of water when applied, so fast and complete that the car paint is actually dry. Water sheeting is only achieved on cars with great detailing ability.

Beading…this is the beads of water, actually more like balls of water, that sits up on a well detailed car that have hydrophobic properties.

Hydrophobic  these are properties of car paint that make water bead and run off via water sheeting.  Literally hydro is water and phobic means afraid of…hence, hydrophobic is when paint is “afraid of water.”

Also superhydrophobic, lotus effect (water beads nicely on a lotus leaf…)

Water Marks…these are the nasty marks left on top of your car paint from water being allowed to dry and then left under the sun or heat so the residue in the water is etched into the clear coat or paint.  The marks can be light at first, but water marks will continue to get worse unless you deal with them.

Etching…this is the scars or marks left into the clear coat or paint caused by water marks, acid rain, bird poo, tree sap or other environmental problems.  The “etch” can become worse and worse over time….

Type 1, Type 2, Type 3…this is how marks, etch are classified in terms of seriousness.  Type 1 or less serious (only clear coat) while Type 3 concerns damage to the clear coat and into the paint.

Swirls…these are round or circle like marks on the car paint.  These can be caused while washing with a dirty cloth or clay bar swept in a circular  motion while working on the car.   Swirls are also caused by run wax into your paint, and will be really apparent if you use a rotary buffer machine while polishing or waxing your car.

Surface Scratch(es)…the scratch caused by dirty cleaning cloths or even sponges when washing  your car.  These light scratches can become more serious as a small, light scratch will collect more grit and dust and this will cause more damage over time.

Dings…are surface knocks on you car paint.  They are usually indented marks and can be caused with bumpers knocking on the door panel or side of the car…or even a door opening into your car.  Dings look terrible and need to be knocked out professionally.

Paint Blisters…are serious paint issues of the paint puffing up from the metal.  Can be caused with high speed buffers when polishing.  They are ripple or wrinkles in the car paint.

Oxidation…this is the fading of the car paint shine and is caused by UV rays hitting the car.  The car paint of an oxidized car usually is in bad shape from over waxing, surface scratches and water marks…these problems will lead to the sun rays of working its way beneath the clear coat and causing the actual paint to fade.  Look at 10 year old red cars that have become pink…that’s oxidation.

Car Coating…is the new technology that has replaced waxing and polishing.  Car coating comes in various names but essential is a silica bonding chemical applied on the clear coat that binds with the car paint to better protect the car paint.  The car coat can last years and no more wax or polish is required, only a simple wash will cause the car to shine.

Organic…a chemical word that relates to the presence of “carbon.”  If it has carbon, it is organic.  In car coating, carbon is not good as it means the coat will react to the environment and will not last long.

Inorganic…a chemical word that means there is no carbon present.  This is good in car coating, glass coating as it means that there  will be NO interaction with environmental elements.  Inorganic car coating lasts much, much longer and is the best car coating products as no carbon is allowed.